hydrochloric acid produced in mass scale of the reaction of common salt (sodium chloride) with sulfuric acid. Popular synonymous hydrochloric acid muriatic acid, spirits of salt and acid secretion. Hydrochloric acid is a wide application in the production of plastic, PVC, polyurethane, metal pickling, de-scaling, leather processing, food additive, including the production of gelatin, and most importantly, the household cleaning. More than 20 million tons of acid produced annually. It can be well understood that the production, handling, transport, use and disposal of millions of people exposed to corrosive and suffocating nature. Since it is used for household cleaning purposes, children are also vulnerable.
The human body can be exposed to this acid inhalation, ingestion, skin and eyes. Inhalation of acid fumes causes coughing, choking and burning throat. If this acid is absorbed causes burning of the mouth and throat and concentrated form it causes severe pain in the mouth, chest and abdomen with nausea and vomiting. Acid mist, if inhaled, can cause severe irritation of the respiratory track. This acid is very corrosive. Skin contact with concentrated solutions can cause mild to severe chemical burns. Concentrated fume can cause redness and pain with blisters on the skin. Liquid acid can cause tissue death, Kal and ulceration affect the flesh also. Short-term exposure of hydrochloric acid in the eye causes problems ranging from skin irritation, swelling, burning, blurred vision, photophobia of damage to the cell surface and blindness.
Mandatory songs exist where Hydrochloric acid is controlled at a time so that the production, handling, transport, use and disposal as well as for work-place safety. This includes, chemical resistant clothing, face shield, boots and splash-proof goggles for eyes ,, respirators complete with proper training on the use of such safeguards gear.
Knowledge of first aid management is absolutely essential for skilled workers and students and common individuals since these acids have access to educational institutions and homes in Virgin attitude or as a brand and mix product used to clean floors and toilets.
The following are first aid measure for various types of exposure: –
hydrochloric acid vapors are quite irritating and suffocating. If inhaled, move the person to a place with lots of fresh air. If breathing stops then take the ventilator (mouth to mouth breathing to avoid) and holding the person warm by covering him with a blanket. Give oxygen and rush the patient to the nearest health center for further necessity.
If a person swallows hydrochloric acid and is conscious then give copious amounts of water and milk to the relevant person drinking. A diluted (4%) solution in water Sodium bicarbonate or hydro carbonate which is generally used as bicarbonate of soda, bread soda, baking soda, cooking soda is the most effective antidote. Alkaline properties to neutralize the acidic / corrosive properties of hydrochloric acid. Further treatment such as emesis and appropriate treatment should be in the presence of a doctor.
The skin part rinse (no rubbing) with large amounts of water. If the whole body is affected then give him a good bath after removing clothes. Disinfectant soap having alkaline properties can be used for washing. Base will neutralize the acid. The effects of man should remove further medical care.
First, remove contact lenses, if any. The respective eyes are washed with lightening speed and with copious quantity of water for about 15 minutes. Seek medical attention immediately.